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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis
Category: Zoonotic
Etymology: Genus name: club-shaped bakterium (bacterium means small rod).
Species epithet: of false tuberculosis.
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Actinobacteria
Class
Actinobacteria
Order
Corynebacteriales
Family
Corynebacteriaceae 
Genus
Corynebacterium
Type Strain: ATCC 19410 = CCUG 2806 = NCTC 3450.
Macromorphology (smell): White to grayish and waxy colonies. Give hemolysis on blood agar.
Micromorphology: Pleomorphic and nonmotile
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Esculinase -, hippuricase -, urease +
Biochemical Tests: Methyl red +.
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-+-v
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
v??-v
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
??-?v
Fructose +, mannose +, xylose -
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Caseous lymphadenitis.
Hosts: Sheep, goats
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_014329 FRC41 2 337 913 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
D38579 ATCC 19410T 1 472 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
176 species and 13 subspecies are described within the genus Corynebacterium. However, not all names have been approved yet and some species have been affiliated to another genus. The genus Corynebacterium is closely related to the genera Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and Crossiella.
Updated:2020-10-28

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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