|Species/Subspecies:||Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum|
|Etymology:||Genus name: fungus shaped.|
Species epithet: exists in the goat (the ram).
Subspecies epithet: see
|Significance:||Has been reported from Africa, Australia, Europe (not Sweden) and USA.
[Of minor importance]
|Type Strain:||California kid = ATCC 27343|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Forms small and very typical umbonated colonies ("fried egg appearance), which can be observed in a microscope.|
|Micromorphology:||Very small and pleomorphic. Non-motile.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, but is normally not gram stained because the cells will then be fragmented.|
|Metabolism:||Facultatively anaerobic. Energy source: glucose (pH is decreased).|
|Other Enzymes:||Urease -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Glucose +|
|Disease:||Mastitis, pneumonia, polyarthritis, septicaemia.
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 125 species have been described within the genus Mycoplasma. M. capricolum subsp. capricolum belongs to the so-called mycoides group. These mycoplasmas are more closely related to mollicutes within the genus Spiroplasma, which are plant pathogens, than with most other members of the genus . See the phylogenetic tree.|
|Comment:||The mollicutes lack a cell wall and have recently been transferred from the phylum Firmicutes to a new phylum, namely Tenericutes.|
|"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)|
For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was referred to Rhodococcus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name.Published 2021-10-10. Read more...