VetBact
VetBact logo

VetBact

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum
Etymology: Genus name: fungus shaped.
Species epithet: exists in the goat (the ram).
Subspecies epithet: see
Species epithet.
Significance:Has been reported from Africa, Australia, Europe (not Sweden) and USA.
  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Tenericutes
Class
Mollicutes
Order
Mycoplasmatales
Family
Mycoplasmataceae 
Genus
Mycoplasma
Type Strain: California kid = ATCC 27343
Macromorphology (smell): Forms small and very typical umbonated colonies ("fried egg appearance), which can be observed in a microscope.
Micromorphology: Very small and pleomorphic. Non-motile.
Gram +/Gram -:G-, but is normally not gram stained because the cells will then be fragmented.
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic. Energy source: glucose (pH is decreased).
Catalase/Oxidase:
Other Enzymes: Urease -
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Glucose +
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Mastitis, pneumonia, polyarthritis, septicaemia.
Hosts: Goat, sheep
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_007633 ATCC 27343T 1 010 023  

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
U26046 California kidT 1 524 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 125 species have been described within the genus Mycoplasma. M. capricolum subsp. capricolum belongs to the so-called mycoides group. These mycoplasmas are more closely related to mollicutes within the genus Spiroplasma, which are plant pathogens, than with most other members of the genus . See the phylogenetic tree.
Comment:The mollicutes lack a cell wall and have recently been transferred from the phylum Firmicutes to a new phylum, namely Tenericutes.
Updated:2016-01-26

News

"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)

For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was refer­red to Rhodo­coccus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name. 

Published 2021-10-10. Read more...

Recently Updated

Recent blog posts


Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences