|Categories:||Motile; primarily of interest in human medicin; notifiable diseases and bacteria|
|Etymology:||Genus name: a curved rod. |
Species epithet: of a gull.
|Old Species Name(s):||Campylobacter laridis|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 35221 = CCUG 23947 = NCTC 11352.|
|Micromorphology:||Small (0.3 x 1.7-2.4 µm) S-shaped or helical motile rods.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Urease V|
|Biochemical Tests:||Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.|
|Spec. Char.:||Thermotolerant. Does not grow at 25°C, but at 42°C.|
|Reservoir:||Faeces from healthy gulls, other birds and dogs.|
|Disease:||May cause enteritis i humans
|Diagnostics:||Direct culture on selective media or culture after selective enrichment. Confirmation by MALDI-TOF, PCR or other molecular methods. Biochemical tests can also be used for confirmation.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. This genus is closely related to the following genera: Sulfurospirillum, Arcobacter and Helicobacter. C. lari is closely related to C.jejuni, C. hyointestinalis, C. fetus and C. coli.|
Findings of thermotoleranta Campylobacter in broiler are in Sweden notifiable to the Swedish Board of Agriculture and the County Administrative Board.
In Sweden, human campylobacteriosis is notifiable to the Public Health Agency of Sweden.