Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Category:||Primarily of interest in human medicin|
|Etymology:||Genus name: named after Howard T. Ricketts, who showed which organism caused Rocky Mountain spotted fever, which resulted in his death|
Species epithet: named after Stanislav von Prowazek, who worked with the etiology of typhus and also died after having contracted the disease.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC VR-142.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Cannot be cultivated on cell free substrates (for instance agar plates).|
|Micromorphology:||Short (0.3-0.5 x 0.8-2.0 µm) rods|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Is not used for identification of Rickettsia spp.|
|Spec. Char.:||Is obligate intracellular because the plasma membrane is leaky and the bacteria require correct osmolarity and constant supply of nutrients|
|Vector:||Human body louse (Pediculus humanus corporis), which can transmit the disease through its feces|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 30 species have been described within the genus Rickettsia. This genus is relatively closely related to other genera within the orderRickettsialas (Anaplasma, Ehrlichia and Neorickettsia).|
|Legislation:||Rickettsia prowazekii belongs to category B as a potential bioterrorism agent according to NIAID|
|Comment:||Obligat intracellular pathogen, which lives in the cytoplasm of the cell. An evolutionary interesting bacterium, because its ancestors invaded cells and formed the mitochondria by endosymbiosis. Can use ATP from the hostcell, but also synthesize ATP by oxidative phosphorylation.|
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...