Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Etymology:||Genus name: Small bladder. |
Species epithet: Full of cupper rust (verdigris), therfore green.
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Cyanobacteria were previously known as blue-green algae. However, they are in fact not algae and are now considered to belong to the phylum Cyanobacteria.|
|Type Strain:||NIES843 = IAM M-247.|
|Micromorphology:||Spherical cells (2-6 µm in diameter), which in culture appear alone or in pairs. In nature the cells appear in quadrat or cubic aggregates. Forms gas vesicles.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||-|
|Metabolism:||Photoautotrophic, i.e. light is used as the only energy source and CO2 is the only carbon source.|
|Spec. Char.:||M. aeruginosa has phycobiliproteins (e.g fycocyanin) and fycobilisomes in the thylakoids. Multiplication occurs by symmetric cleavage.|
|Reservoir:||Lake and brackish water.|
|Virulence Factors:||M. aeruginosa forms a microcystin, which is a hepatotoxin causing damage to the liver. Microcystins are cyclic peptides, which contains unusual amino acids. Microcystins bind to certain enzymes and hamper their functions, which cause damages to the liver cells.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||In the tree in the figure (Fig. 184:1), cyanobacteria and chlamydia are comparatively closely related, but this relation is also dependent upon the taxa that has been included in the tree. The nucleotide sequences of 16S rRNA from cyanobacteria have high sequence similarity with 16S rRNA from chloroplasts.|
|Comment:||The nomenclature for taxa of cyanobacteria is in agreement with the "botanical code" rather than the "bacteriological code" due to the fact that cyanobacteria were earlier regarded as plants. There are good reasons to assume that chloroplasts originate from cyanobacteria.|
|Link:||Cyanobakterier (blå-gröna alger)|
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...