|Etymology:||Genus name: a helix shaped rod. |
Species epithet: named after the Italian pathologist Guilio Bizzozero, who was one of the first scientists to describe spiral shaped organisms from the canine gastric tract.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Micromorphology:||Tightly coiled helical rods (0.3 x 5-10 µm) with 10-20 bipolar flagella.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G -|
|Other Enzymes:||Urease +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Helicobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates. Exception: H. pylori, which can oxidize glucose to acetate.|
|Disease:||H. bizzozeronii has been isolated from the stomach of dogs, but is regarded as non-pathogenic.
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 35 species have been described within the genus Helicobacter, and this genus is most closely related to Campylobacter, Arcobacter and Sulfurospirillum. H. bizzozeroni is closely related to H. felis and H. salomonis.|
|New families introduced within the order Enterobacterales|
The order Enterobacterales (formerly called Enterobacteriales) previously consisted of bacteria with different properties and phylogenetically, these bacteria were far apart. In order for the taxonomy to be more in line with phylogeny, some of these bacteria have, therefore, been sorted into 6 new families.Published 2022-04-13. Read more...