|Etymology:||Genus name: a curved rod. |
Species epithet: from Switzerland (where it was first isolated.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 51209= CCUG 30682 = NCTC 12470.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Translucent and flat colonies, which are pinpoint to 0.5 mm in diameter on blood agar after 48 h.|
|Micromorphology:||Curved (seagull wing shaped) or spiral shaped small motile rods (0.2 x 1.5-3 µm) with two bipolar flagella. The motility is darting and rapid.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G -|
|Other Enzymes:||Hippuricase - (hippurate -), urease -.|
|Biochemical Tests:||Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.|
|Reservoir:||Domestic cats, but also dogs.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. This genus is closely related to the following genera: Sulfurospirillum, Arcobacter and Helicobacter. C. helveticus is closely related to C. upsaliensis and C. avium.|
|New families introduced within the order Enterobacterales|
The order Enterobacterales (formerly called Enterobacteriales) previously consisted of bacteria with different properties and phylogenetically, these bacteria were far apart. In order for the taxonomy to be more in line with phylogeny, some of these bacteria have, therefore, been sorted into 6 new families.Published 2022-04-13. Read more...