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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Campylobacter helveticus
Category: Motile
Etymology: Genus name: a curved rod.
Species epithet: from Switzerland (where it was first isolated.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Epsilonproteobacteria
Order
Campylobacterales
Family
Campylobacteraceae 
Genus
Campylobacter
Type Strain: ATCC 51209= CCUG 30682 = NCTC 12470.
Macromorphology (smell): Translucent and flat colonies, which are pinpoint to 0.5 mm in diameter on blood agar after 48 h.
Micromorphology: Curved (seagull wing shaped) or spiral shaped small motile rods (0.2 x 1.5-3 µm) with two bipolar flagella. The motility is darting and rapid.
Gram +/Gram -:G -
Metabolism: Microaerophilic
Catalase/Oxidase:-/+
Other Enzymes: Hippuricase - (hippurate -), urease -.
Biochemical Tests: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) -
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.
Spec. Char.:
Reservoir: Domestic cats, but also dogs.
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
U03022 NCTC 12470T 1439  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. This genus is closely related to the following genera: Sulfurospirillum, Arcobacter and Helicobacter. C. helveticus is closely related to C. upsaliensis and C. avium.
Updated:2020-09-27

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The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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