|Etymology:||Genus name: a curved rod. |
Species epithet: from Switzerland (where it was first isolated.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 51209= CCUG 30682 = NCTC 12470.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Translucent and flat colonies, which are pinpoint to 0.5 mm in diameter on blood agar after 48 h.|
|Micromorphology:||Curved (seagull wing shaped) or spiral shaped small motile rods (0.2 x 1.5-3 µm) with two bipolar flagella. The motility is darting and rapid.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G -|
|Other Enzymes:||Hippuricase - (hippurate -), urease -.|
|Biochemical Tests:||Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.|
|Reservoir:||Domestic cats, but also dogs.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. This genus is closely related to the following genera: Sulfurospirillum, Arcobacter and Helicobacter. C. helveticus is closely related to C. upsaliensis and C. avium.|
|New names of taxa within the classification category phylum|
During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.Published 2022-09-28. Read more...