|Etymology:||Genus name: bird bacterium.|
Species epithet: from the nostrils and windpipe.
|Type Strain:||LMG 9086 = ATCC 51463 = CCUG 23171|
|Micromorphology:||Short rods (0.2-0.9 x 1-3 µm).|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||DNase -, esculinase -, tryptophanase - (= indole -), ureas +.|
|Biochemical Tests:||Citrate -, metyl red -, Voges-Proskauer +.|
|Disease:||Respiratory tract infections in among others chickens and turkey.
|Hosts:||Domestic chickens, turkeys, goose and duck, and a variety of wild bird species.|
|Clinical Picture:||Impaired growth and increased mortality.|
|Diagnostics:||PCR or culture|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
|Taxonomy/phylogeny:||Only one species has been described within the genus Ornithobacterium , which is relatively closely related to the genus Flavobacterium .|
|New families introduced within the order Enterobacterales|
The order Enterobacterales (formerly called Enterobacteriales) previously consisted of bacteria with different properties and phylogenetically, these bacteria were far apart. In order for the taxonomy to be more in line with phylogeny, some of these bacteria have, therefore, been sorted into 6 new families.Published 2022-04-13. Read more...