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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. sciuri
Category: In the normal flora
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry).
Species epithet: från squirrel.
Subspecies epithet: see species epithet.
Significance:It is important to keep in mind that this bacterium may carry different resistance and virulence genes.
  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: K21 = ATCC 29070.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms large greyish white colonies (9-10 mm in diameter), which become cream tint in the center. No hemolysis on bovine blood agar.
Micromorphology: Spherical cells (0.8-1.2 µm in diameter), which appear singly, in pairs or in tetrads.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: (Facultatively) aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/+
Other Enzymes: Coagulase -, DNase (+)
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
++--+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
+++++
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
+?++?
Can also ferment fucose and cellobiose, which is unique for staphylococci.
Spec. Char.:
Reservoir: The environment.
Disease:May cause skin infections, but it is not common.
Hosts: Squirrel, dog, cat, goat and other animal species including humans.
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NZ_PPQD00000000 NCTC 12103 2 767 666  

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AB662960  NCCP-193 1552  

Taxonomy/phylogeny: About 70 species and subspecies have been described within the genus Staphylococcus.
Reference(s): No. 147
Updated:2020-09-17

News

"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)

For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was refer­red to Rhodo­coccus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name. 

Published 2021-10-10. Read more...

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