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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Proteus mirabilis
Category: Motile
Etymology: Genus name: named after an ocean god (Proteus), who could transform himself into different shapes
Species epithet: wonderful
Significance:  [Very important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Gammaproteobacteria
Order
Enterobacteriales
Family
Enterobacteriaceae 
Genus
Proteus
Type Strain: ATCC 29906 = CCUG 26767 = NCTC 11938.
Macromorphology (smell):
 
Swarms across the blood agar plate and gives no individual colonies.
Micromorphology: Small (0.5 x 1-3 µm) and motile rod with peritrichous flagella.
Gram +/Gram -:
 
G-
Metabolism: Fakultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Urease +
Biochemical Tests: Methyl Red +, tryptophanase (indole) -, Voges-Proskauer V
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+---(-)
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
----+
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
v?--?
Gas and acid are formed during fermentation of glucose.
Spec. Char.:
Special Media:
Proteus mirabilis  
P. mirabilis swarms on purple agar, but not on MacConkey agar or CLED agar.
Disease:Otitis and urinary tract infections
Hosts: Dog, cat, cattle etc..
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_010554  HI4320 4 063 606 1c + 1c 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AF008582 ATCC 29906T 1497 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
Ten species have been deskribed within genus Proteus and these are found in nature as saprophytes.
Comment:Swarms
Updated:2020-09-15

News

"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)

For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was refer­red to Rhodo­coccus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name. 

Published 2021-10-10. Read more...

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