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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus
Category: Motile
Etymology: Genus name: a curved rod.
Species epithet: of a fruit.
Subspecies epithet: see Species epithet.
Significance:  [Very important]   
Alternative Species Name(s):Vibrio fetus
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Epsilonproteobacteria
Order
Campylobacterales
Family
Campylobacteraceae 
Genus
Campylobacter
Type Strain: ATCC 27374 = CCUG 6823 A = NCTC 10842.
Macromorphology (smell): Small colorless to cream-colored colonies (about 1 mm in diameter).
Micromorphology: Curved or helical rod (0.2-0.3 x 1.5-5.0 µm). Highly motile with a corkscrew-like motion.
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Metabolism: Microaerophilic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/+
Other Enzymes: Hippuricase - (= hippurat -), urease -
Biochemical Tests: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) +
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.
Spec. Char.: Optimal growth temperature: about 37°C.
Disease:Abortion, enteritis
Hosts: Cattle, sheep
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_008599 82-40 1 773 615 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
DQ174127 ATCC 27374T 1343 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
   
About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. This genus is closely related to the following genera: Sulfurospirillum, Arcobacter and Helcobacter. C. fetus is closely related to C.jejuni, C. hyointestinalis, C. coli and C. lari.
Updated:2020-09-27

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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