|Etymology:||Genus name: a helix shaped rod. |
Species epithet: of the dog.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 51401 = CCUG 32756 = NCTC 12739.|
|Micromorphology:||Motile rod (0.2-0.3 x 1.5-5.0 µm), which is curved or spiral shaped, and has two bipolar flagella.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G -|
|Other Enzymes:||Urease -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Helicobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates. Exception: H. pylori, which can oxidize glucose to acetate.|
|Disease:||Gastroenteritis in dogs and humans as well as hepatitis in dogs, but pathogenicity has not been proved.
|Hosts:||Dog and humans.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 35 species have been described within the genus Helicobacter, and this genus is most closely related to Campylobacter, Arcobacter and Sulfurospirillum. H. canis is closely related to H. bilis and H. hepaticus.|
|New names of taxa within the classification category phylum|
During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.Published 2022-09-28. Read more...