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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Corynebacterium renale
Etymology: Genus name: club-shaped bakterium (bacterium means small rod).
Species epithet: refers to the kidneys.
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Actinobacteria
Class
Actinobacteria
Order
Corynebacteriales
Family
Corynebacteriaceae 
Genus
Corynebacterium
Type Strain: ATCC 19412 = CCUG 27542 = NCTC 7448.
Macromorphology (smell): Small yellowish opaque colonies. Give no hemolysis at blood agar.
Micromorphology: Nonmotile straight or curved rods (0.3-0.8 x 1-8 µm). Form ramified aggregates, which look like chineese letters).
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Esculinase -, hippuricase +, urease +.
Biochemical Tests: Methyl red +.
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-v--
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-??-v
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
??-?-
Fructose +, mannose +, xylose -.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Cystitis, pyelonephritis, pizzle (or sheath) rot.
Hosts: Cattle, sheep
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
M29553 (T) 1 366  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
176 species and 13 subspecies are described within the genus Corynebacterium. However, not all names have been approved yet and some species have been affiliated to another genus. The genus Corynebacterium is closely related to the genera Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and Crossiella.
Updated:2020-10-15

News

"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)

For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was refer­red to Rhodo­coccus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name. 

Published 2021-10-10. Read more...

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