|Species/Subspecies:||Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum|
|Etymology:||Genus name: small rod from milk.|
Species epithet: of plants.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 14917 = CCUG 30503|
|Micromorphology:||Straight non-motile rods (0.9-1.2 x 3-8 µm) with rounded ends. The rods appear singly, in pairs or as short chains.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Metabolism:||Aerotolerant. Ferments various carbohydrates to lactate and acetate.|
|Other Enzymes:||Esculinase +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
Other carbohydrates: Ribose +, xylose v.
|Hosts:||An environmental bacterium, which may be found on vegetables and fruit as well as in the gastrointestinal tract in animals and humans.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Genus Lactobacillus is rather big and more than 200 species have been described. They are relatively close to species within genus Enterococcus and genus Bacillus.|
|Comment:||Considered to strengthen the intestinal mucosa and is therefore used as probioticum. L. plantarum is an important bacterium in the process that leads to fermented vegetables.|