Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Categories:||Motile; notifiable diseases and bacteria|
|Etymology:||Genus name: a curved rod. |
Species epithet: of Uppsala, where the bacterium was first described at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
|Type Strain:||C231 = ATCC 43954 = CCUG 14913 = NCTC 11541.|
||Small pinpoint like colonies, which are non-hemolytic and swarm on moist agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Curved or helical and motile rod (0.3-0.4 x 1.2-3.0 µm).|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Hippuricase - (= hippurate -), urease -|
|Biochemical Tests:||Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.|
|Spec. Char.:||Thermotolerant. Does not grow at 25°C, but at 42°C.|
|Reservoir:||Dogs and cats|
|Hosts:||Dog? cat? and humans?|
|Diagnostics:||Direct culture on selective media or culture after selective enrichment. Confirmation by MALDI-TOF, PCR or other molecular methods. Biochemical tests can also be used for confirmation.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 40 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. This genus is closely related to the following genera: Sulfurospirillum, Arcobacter and Helcobacter. C. upsaliensis is closely related to C. helveticus and C. avium.|
In Sweden, human campylobacteriosis is notifiable to the Public Health Agency of Sweden.
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...