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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Corynebacterium kutscheri
Category: Causes hemolysis
Etymology: Genus name: club-shaped bakterium (bacterium means small rod).
Species epithet: named after Kutscher, who first described murine paratuberculosis in year 1894.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Actinobacteria
Class
Actinobacteria
Order
Corynebacteriales
Family
Corynebacteriaceae 
Genus
Corynebacterium
Type Strain: ATCC 15677 = CCUG 27535 = NCTC 11138.
Macromorphology (smell):
 
Small yellowish or grayish-white colonies (0,1-0,3 mm in diameter). Some strains give hemolysis on blood agar.
Micromorphology: Nonmotile and pleomorphic (coccoid) rods
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Esculinase -, hippuricase +, urease +.
Biochemical Tests: Methyl red -.
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-+-+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-??+v
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
??-?+
Fructose +, mannose +, xylose -.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Lung, lymph node, liver and kidney abscesses.
Hosts: Rat and mouse
Clinical Picture: Superficial abscesses, caseopurulent foci in liver, lungs and lymphnodes.
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
D37802 (T) 1338  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
176 species and 13 subspecies are described within the genus Corynebacterium. However, not all names have been approved yet and some species have been affiliated to another genus. The genus Corynebacterium is closely related to the genera Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and Crossiella.
Updated:2020-10-15

News

"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)

For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was refer­red to Rhodo­coccus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name. 

Published 2021-10-10. Read more...

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