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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus aureus subsp. anaerobius
Category: Causes hemolysis
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry)
Species epithet: golden
Subspecies epithet: does not live in the presence of air (i.e. anaerobic)
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: MVF-7 = ATCC 35844 = CCUG 37246.
Macromorphology (smell): Gives hemolysis on blood agar. Produces no pigment.
Micromorphology: Non-mobile cocci (0.8-1.0 µm in diameter), which occur in pairs or individually.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:-/-
Other Enzymes: Coagulase +, DNase +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-+-+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-----
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
----?
Other carbohydrates: Galactose -, mannose -.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Abscess disease of sheep and goats.
Hosts: Sheep, goat and man
Clinical Picture: Abscesses in the superficial lymph nodes
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
D83355 ATCC 35844T 1 476  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 70 species and subspecies have been described within the genus Staphylococcus. S. aureus subsp. anaerobius is as the name implies closely related to S. aureus subsp, aureus.
Comment:Have mutations in the cat A and katB genes, resulting in a non-functional catalase
Reference(s): No. 91
Updated:2015-11-27

News

"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)

For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was refer­red to Rhodo­coccus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name. 

Published 2021-10-10. Read more...

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