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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Corynebacterium ulcerans
Categories: Zoonotic; causes hemolysis
Etymology: Genus name: club-shaped bakterium (bacterium means small rod).
Species epithet: causing sore.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Actinobacteria
Class
Actinobacteria
Order
Corynebacteriales
Family
Corynebacteriaceae 
Genus
Corynebacterium
Type Strain: ATCC 51799 = CCUG 2708 = NCTC 7910.
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Non-motile pleomorphic and coccoid rods.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Esculinase -, hippuricase +, urease +.
Biochemical Tests: Methyl red +.
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-+?-
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
??v?-
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
?????
Fructose +, mannose ?, xylose -.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Bovine mastitis.
Abscesses (gangrenous dermatitis) in rodents.
Human pharyngitis.
Hosts: Cattle, rodents, humans
Clinical Picture:
Virulence Factors: Some strains of C. ulcerans are able to produce difteria toxin (see Corynebacterium diphtheria).
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
AE015925.1 809 2 502 095 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
X84256 NCTC 7910T 1490 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
176 species and 13 subspecies are described within the genus Corynebacterium. However, not all names have been approved yet and some species have been affiliated to another genus. The genus Corynebacterium is closely related to the genera Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and Crossiella.
Comment:C. ulcerans may cause zoonosis.
Updated:2020-10-28

News

"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)

For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was refer­red to Rhodo­coccus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name. 

Published 2021-10-10. Read more...

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