|Categories:||Causes hemolysis; motile|
|Etymology:||Genus name: bent rod.|
Species epithet: in honor of the British microbiologist Martin B. Skirrow, who was the first to describe a simple isolation method for Campylobacter jejuni.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||Skirrow 449/80 = ATCC 51132= CCUG 10374 = NCTC 12713.|
|Micromorphology:||Small bent rods (0.2-0.4 x 1-3 µm) with one polar flagellum and with rapid darting motility.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G -|
|Other Enzymes:||Hippuricase -, urease -|
|Biochemical Tests:||Methyl red -, Voges-Proskauer -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Arcobacter spp. cannot ferment or oxidize carbohydrates.|
|Disease:||Is present in prepuce and has been isolated from aborted foetuses. Pathogenicity has not been proved.
|Hosts:||Cattle, sheep and pigs.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Genus Arcobacter consists of about 20 species and is closely related to the following genera: Campylobacter and Helicobacter.|
|New names of taxa within the classification category phylum|
During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.Published 2022-09-28. Read more...