|Categories:||Causes hemolysis; motile|
|Etymology:||Genus name: bent rod.|
Species epithet: in honor of the British microbiologist Martin B. Skirrow, who was the first to describe a simple isolation method for Campylobacter jejuni.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||Skirrow 449/80 = ATCC 51132= CCUG 10374 = NCTC 12713.|
|Micromorphology:||Small bent rods (0.2-0.4 x 1-3 µm) with one polar flagellum and with rapid darting motility.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G -|
|Other Enzymes:||Hippuricase -, urease -|
|Biochemical Tests:||Methyl red -, Voges-Proskauer -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Arcobacter spp. cannot ferment or oxidize carbohydrates.|
|Disease:||Is present in prepuce and has been isolated from aborted foetuses. Pathogenicity has not been proved.
|Hosts:||Cattle, sheep and pigs.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Genus Arcobacter consists of about 20 species and is closely related to the following genera: Campylobacter and Helicobacter.|
|New families introduced within the order Enterobacterales|
The order Enterobacterales (formerly called Enterobacteriales) previously consisted of bacteria with different properties and phylogenetically, these bacteria were far apart. In order for the taxonomy to be more in line with phylogeny, some of these bacteria have, therefore, been sorted into 6 new families.Published 2022-04-13. Read more...