|Species/Subspecies:||Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. mesenteroides|
|Category:||Primarily of interest in human medicin|
|Etymology:||Genus name: colourless|
Species epithet: mesentery-like
Subspecies epithet: mesentery-like
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||12954 = ATCC 8293 = CCUG 30066|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Small greyish to white colonies (> 1 mm in diameter),|
|Micromorphology:||Form cocci or rods depending on the growth medium.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Other Enzymes:||Tryptophanase- (=indol-)|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
Dextran is produced during fermentation of sucrose.
|Spec. Char.:||Temperature optimum: 20-30°C.|
|Disease:||This bacterium is normally not considered to be pathogenic to humans, but has recently been shown to cause infections in patients undergoing certain antibiotic treatment and in immunocompromised patients.
|Hosts:||An environmental bacterium, which may be found on vegetables and fruit.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
|Taxonomy/phylogeny:||Seventeen species have been described within genus Leuconostoc and Leuconostoc mesenteroides has been further divided into 5 subspecies.|
|Comment:||L. mesenteroides is an important bacterium in the process that leads to fermented vegetables.
The Uppsala company Pharmacia had great success in the 40s and 50s with, among other things, a plasma replacement product (Macrodex), which is based on dextran produced by L. mesenteroides. Pharmacia was bought by various companies and Macrodex is not produced in Uppsala any longer, but it is used worldwide in both human and veterinary medicine.