Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Species/Subspecies:||Salmonella enterica subsp. arizonae|
|Categories:||Zoonotic; motile; in the normal flora|
|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the American bacteriologist D. E. Salmon|
Species epithet: of the gut
Subspecies epithet: of Arizona
|Type Strain:||ATCC 13314 = NCTC 8297|
|Micromorphology:||Motile rods with peritrichous flagella|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Biochemical Tests:||Citrate +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
Other carbohydrates: Dulcitol -. Cf. subsp. enterica. Ferments glucose under production of gas and acid.
|Reservoir:||Reptiles, particularly snakes.|
|Disease:||Causes no disease in cold-blooded animals. May rarely give infections in infants and immunocompromised individuals.
|Hosts:||Often in cold-blooded animals, especially snakes. Also occurs in the environment.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Two species have been described within genus Salmonella. S. enterica belongs to the family Enterobacteriaceae and is closely related to members of the genera Escherichia and Shigella. In fact, all members of these three genera Shigella form a monophyletic cluster (see Fig. 157:1 to the left).|
|Comment:||There are about 100 different serovars|
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...