|Species/Subspecies:||Mycoplasma capricolum subsp. capricolum|
|Etymology:||Genus name: fungus shaped.|
Species epithet: exists in the goat (the ram).
Subspecies epithet: see
|Significance:||Has been reported from Africa, Australia, Europe (not Sweden) and USA.
[Of minor importance]
|Type Strain:||California kid = ATCC 27343|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Forms small and very typical umbonated colonies ("fried egg appearance), which can be observed in a microscope.|
|Micromorphology:||Very small and pleomorphic. Non-motile.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, but is normally not gram stained because the cells will then be fragmented.|
|Metabolism:||Facultatively anaerobic. Energy source: glucose (pH is decreased).|
|Other Enzymes:||Urease -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Glucose +|
|Disease:||Mastitis, pneumonia, polyarthritis, septicaemia.
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 125 species have been described within the genus Mycoplasma. M. capricolum subsp. capricolum belongs to the so-called mycoides group. These mycoplasmas are more closely related to mollicutes within the genus Spiroplasma, which are plant pathogens, than with most other members of the genus . See the phylogenetic tree.|
|Comment:||The mollicutes lack a cell wall and have recently been transferred from the phylum Firmicutes to a new phylum, namely Tenericutes.|