VetBact
VetBact logo

VetBact

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Dermatophilus congolensis
Categories: Zoonotic; causes hemolysis
Etymology: Genus name: skin loving
Species epithet: of Congo.
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Actinobacteria
Class
Actinobacteria
Order
Micrococcales
Family
Dermatophilaceae 
Genus
Dermatophilus
Type Strain: ATCC 14637 = NCTC 13039.
Macromorphology (smell):
   
Small yellow pigmented colonies (1-3 mm in diameter) with a rough surface. Give hemolysis on blood agar (but not with horse blood).
Micromorphology: Has two formas: filamentous, pleomorphic and nonmotile and motile zoospores (0.6-1 µm in diameter).
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Tryptophanase (indole) -, urease +.
Biochemical Tests: Methyl red -, Voges-Proskauer -.
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-+?-
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
??--?
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
???-+
Ferments also fructose under acid production.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Dermatophilosis (mud fever), streptotrichosis or rain-scald.
Hosts: Horse, cattle, sheep and goat
Clinical Picture: Crust formation (scab) in the skin and hair loss
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AJ243918 (T) 1464  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
The genus Dermatophilus is composed of only one species, which is related to the genera Renibacterium and Micrococcus.
Comment:Opportunist
Updated:2020-10-28

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

Recently Updated

Recent blog posts


Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences