|Etymology:||Gemus name: the new rickettsia. |
Species epithet: named after Miodrag Ristic.
|Significance:||The disease is common in some regions of the United States, Canada and South America. Has also been detected in France and Italy, but never in Sweden. However, it may occur in horses imported from the United States.
[Of minor importance]
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Ehrlichia risticii|
|Type Strain:||Illinois = HRC-IL = ATCC VR-98.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Cannot be cultured on cell free substrates (for instance agar plates)|
|Micromorphology:||Small (0.8 x 1.5 µm) nonmotile coccoid rods|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, is normally not gram stained. Lymph node aspirate can be stained by Giemsa or Machiavello-staining, which gives blue and red bacteria, respectively.|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Is not used for identification of Neorickettsia spp. Furthermore, many intracellular bacteria lack enzymes for carbohydrate metabolism because of evolutionary gene reduction.|
|Vector:||Liver fluke (Fasciola gigantica)|
|Reservoir:||Insects infected by the liver fluke|
|Disease:||Potomac horse fever or equine monocytic ehrlichiosis or equine scours.
|Hosts:||Horse, (cattle, mouse, dog and cat)|
|Clinical Picture:||Acute watery diarrhea. Abortion if the fetus is infected (rare).|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Three species have been described within the genus, which is most closely related to the genera Anaplasma and Ehrlichia.The name Neorickettsia risticii has not been officially aproved because a type strain has not been deposited in two international culture collections.|
|Comment:||Intracellular and infects mononuclear leucocytes|