|Etymology:||Genus name: a twisted small rod.|
Species epithet: necklace-shaped.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 14647 = CCUG 2469 = CCUG 13453 = DSM 12112 NCTC 10651.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Small round, grayish and buttery colonies (1-2 mm i diameter). Do not give hemolysis on blood agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Nonmotile, pleomorphic or rod shaped (0.3-0.7 x 1-5 µm). Appears in filaments or chains.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Gelatinase -, tryptophanase -, urease -|
|Biochemical Tests:||Citrate -, hydrogensulfide +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Glucose +, but glucose (gas) -|
|Disease:||Rat-bite fever in humans. Septicemia, arthritis, otitis media, hepatitis and abortion in rodents. Polyarthritis and synovitis in turkey.
|Hosts:||Rodents, turkey and primates (including man)|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Only three species have been described within the genus Streptobacillus, which is closely related to genus Fusobacterium. However, the genus Fusobacterium belongs to the family Fusobacteriaceae and the genus Streptobacillus belongs to the family Leptotrichiaceae.|
|New families introduced within the order Enterobacterales|
The order Enterobacterales (formerly called Enterobacteriales) previously consisted of bacteria with different properties and phylogenetically, these bacteria were far apart. In order for the taxonomy to be more in line with phylogeny, some of these bacteria have, therefore, been sorted into 6 new families.Published 2022-04-13. Read more...