|Etymology:||Genus name: named after Sir David Bruce, who first identified the organism, which causes brucellosis. |
Species epithet: of dog.
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Brucella melitensis biovar Canis|
|Type Strain:||RM6/66 = ATCC 23365 = NCTC 10854|
||Pale honey coloured transparant colonies, which do not give hemolysis on blood agar.|
|Micromorphology:||Non-motile coccus or short rod|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Tryptophanase -, Urease +|
|Biochemical Tests:||H2S -, Voges-Proskauer -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Most Brucella spp. do not produce acid by fermentation of carbohydrates.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Eleven species have been described within genus Brucella and this genus is closely related to genus Bartonella. From a phylogenetic point of view, B. abortus, B. canis, B. ceti, B. melitensis, B. neotome, B. ovis, B. pinnipedialis and B. suis represent the same species (B. melitensis), but due to different host specificities, they have been affiliated with different species.|
|New names of taxa within the classification category phylum|
During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.Published 2022-09-28. Read more...