|Etymology:||Genus name: fungus shaped.|
Species epithet: from the blood of the cat.
|Old Species Name(s):||Haemobartonella felis, Eperythrozoon felis (rickettsia)|
|Type Strain:||Not defined|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Cannot be cultivated on artificial media.|
|Micromorphology:||Very small and pleomorphic|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, but is normally not gram stained because the cells will then be fragmented.|
|Spec. Char.:||Lacks the cell wall.|
|Vector:||Fleas are supposed to be vectors.|
|Disease:||Feline haemotropic mycoplasmosis or hemolytic anemia in cats.
|Clinical Picture:||The clinical picture varies from mild (fatigue, eat less) to serious illness and death. Anemia|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 125 species have been described within the genus Mycoplasma. M. haemofelis belongs to the hemotropic mycoplasmas and they form a phylogenetic cluster of their own. However, they are distantly related to mycoplasmas within the M. pneumoniae cluster and the Ureaplasma cluster. They are, therefore, included in the phylogenetic pneumoniae group. See phylogenetic tree (Fig. 42:1). It was believed for a long time that the hemotropic mycoplasmas were rickettsias, but by phylogenetic methods among others, it has been proved that they really are mycoplasmas.|
|Comment:||Colonizes the surface of erythrocytes. Note that the mycoplasmas have recently been transferred to a new phylum, Tenericutes.|