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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Brucella suis
Categories: Zoonotic; notifiable diseases and bacteria
Etymology: Genus name: named after Sir David Bruce, who first identified the organism, which causes brucellosis.
Species epithet: of pig.
Significance:  [Very important]   
Alternative Species Name(s):Brucella melitensis biovar Suis
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Alphaproteobacteria
Order
Rhizobiales
Family
Brucellaceae 
Genus
Brucella
Type Strain: 1330 = ATCC 23444 = NCTC 10316.
Macromorphology (smell): Pale honey coloured transparant colonies, which do not give hemolysis on blood agar.
Micromorphology: Non-motile cocci or short rods
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Metabolism: Aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/+
Other Enzymes: Urease +
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Most Brucella spp. do not produce acid by fermentation of carbohydrates.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Brucellosis, which is a zoonosis.
Hosts: Primarely pig, but also ruminants, dog, hare, rat and humans.
Clinical Picture: Abortion, orchitis, arthritis
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NC_004310 and NC_004311 1330 3 315 175 (2c + ?) 
Chrom. I (2 107 794 bp) and chrom. II (1 207 381 bp), respectively.

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
L26169 (T) 1 412 
Two rRNA genes in chrom. I and one in chrom. II, respectively.

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
Eleven species have been described within genus Brucella and this genus is closely related to genus Bartonella. From a phylogenetic point of view, B. abortus, B. canis, B. ceti, B. melitensis, B. neotome, B. ovis, B. pinnipedialis and B. suis represent the same species (B. melitensis), but due to different host specificities, they have been affiliated with different species.
Legislation: Brucella suis belongs to category B as a potential bioterrorism agent according to NIAID.
Comment:May penetrate intact skinn. In Sweden brucellosis is notifiable to the Swedish Board of Agriculture and is governed by the epizootic diseases law.
Link: Epiwebb - om epizootisjukdomar [in Swedish]
Updated:2020-10-28

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The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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