|Etymology:||Genus name: false unit|
Species epithet: refers to the fluorescence of the colonies under UV-light.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 13525 = CCUG 1253 = NCTC 10038.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Metabolism:||Aerobic, but some strains are facultatively aerobic as they can utilize nitrate instead of oxygen, as a final electron acceptor in the respiratory chain.|
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal growth temperature is 25-30°C.|
|Reservoir:||Is an environmental bacterium that can be found in soil and water.|
|Disease:||Fin rot in especialla aquaria and aqua culture. Fin rot can also be caused by a fungal infection.
|Hosts:||Fish and immunocompromised humans.|
|Clinical Picture:||The fins of the fish turn brownish black and break apart. Then the fin base becomes inflamed and the whole fin may fall off.|
|Virulence Factors:||If the concentration of iron is low in the environment, a green fluorescent pigment, pyoverdine, is produced. Pyoverdine is a so-called siderophore.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
|Comment:||A strain of P. fluorescence (Pf-CL145A) has been used to control invasive mussel species.
Milk contaminated by P. fluorescence becomes undrinkable.
|"Dear child has many names" (call it what you will...)|
For a long time, Rhodococcus hoagii was referred to Rhodococcus equi on VetBact, because we experienced some resistance to the name that is now considered to be the correct one, i.e. Rhodococcus hoagii. Now you can find the bacterium in question under the correct name in VetBact, but you can also find the bacterium when searching for the old name.Published 2021-10-10. Read more...