Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Categories:||Spore forming; motile|
|Etymology:||Genus name: small rod|
Species epithet: formed as lichen
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 14580 = CCUG 7422 = NCTC 10341|
||Round, irregular, whitish and medium sized colonies (2-6 mm i diameter). No hemolysis on blood agar. May form spores.|
|Micromorphology:||Large motile rods (0.6-0.8 x 1.5-3.0 µm) in chains.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Other Enzymes:||Esculinase +, urease V.|
|Biochemical Tests:||Citrate +, Voges-Proskauer +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
Other carbohydrates: Fructose +, D-mannose +, ribose +, xylitol -.
|Spec. Char.:||Mesophilic (temperature optimum: +30°C) and may grow between +15 and +55 °C.|
|Disease:||Abortion in cattle and pigs, mastitis in cattle and goats, (may cause food poisoning in humans).
|Hosts:||Cattle, pigs, goats, (humans)|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
|Taxonomy/phylogeny:||About 250 species have been described within the genus Bacillus. Bacillus licheniformis is closely related to B. subtilis.|
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...