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Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii
Category: Zoonotic
Etymology: Genus name: named after the Peruvian scientist Alberto L. Barton (1870-1950), who described this species in 1909.
Species epithet: named after J. William Vinson, who together with Henry S. Fuller showed that B. visonii subsp. vinsonii could be cultivated on blood agar.
Subspecies epithet: named after the veterinarian and microbiologist Herman A. Berkhoff, the research of whom contributed to the understanding of Bartonella-infections in domesticated animals.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Alphaproteobacteria
Order
Rhizobiales
Family
Bartonellaceae 
Genus
Bartonella
Type Strain: 93-CO1 = ATCC 51672
Macromorphology (smell): Heterogenic colonies, small regular to irregular larger forms. No hemolysis on blood agar.
Micromorphology: Small (0.5-0.6 x 1.0 µm), nonmotile, slightly bent rods.
Gram +/Gram -:G- (weakly stained)
Metabolism: Aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:v/-
Other Enzymes: Tryptophanase -, urease -
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Bartonella spp. do not produce acid by fermentation of carbohydrates.
Spec. Char.: Optimal temperature: 35-37°C. Very fastidious in culture.
Vector: Ticks
Reservoir: Dog, rodents
Disease:Canine and human endocarditis. Canine granulomatous lymphadenitis, rhinitis, peliosis hepatis.
Hosts: Dog, humans
Clinical Picture: Dog: fever and intermittent leg lameness.
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
L35052 93-C01T 1 432  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
More than 30 species have been described within genus Bartonella, which is relatively closely related to genus Brucella. Two other subpecies of Bartonella vinsonii have been described: vinsonii and arupensis.
Comment:Zoonotic
Updated:2020-10-28

News

The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes

The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon. 

Published 2021-11-25. Read more...

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