Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Categories:||Causes hemolysis; motile|
|Etymology:||Genus name: bent rod.|
Species epithet: in honor of the British microbiologist Martin B. Skirrow, who was the first to describe a simple isolation method for Campylobacter jejuni.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||Skirrow 449/80 = ATCC 51132= CCUG 10374 = NCTC 12713.|
|Micromorphology:||Small bent rods (0.2-0.4 x 1-3 µm) with one polar flagellum and with rapid darting motility.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G -|
|Other Enzymes:||Hippuricase -, urease -|
|Biochemical Tests:||Methyl red -, Voges-Proskauer -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Arcobacter spp. cannot ferment or oxidize carbohydrates.|
|Disease:||Is present in prepuce and has been isolated from aborted foetuses. Pathogenicity has not been proved.
|Hosts:||Cattle, sheep and pigs.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Genus Arcobacter consists of about 20 species and is closely related to the following genera: Campylobacter and Helicobacter.|
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...