|Categories:||Zoonotic; motile; in the normal flora; primarily of interest in human medicin|
|Etymology:||Genus name: bacteria that require carbon dioxide and are related to the bacteria of the genus Cytophaga.|
Species epithet: from a dog bite.
|Significance:||Mainly of human medical interest, but also of importance in veterinary medicine as it occurs in the normal mouth flora of the dog and cat.
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Dysgonic fermenter 2 (DF-2).|
|Type Strain:||7120 = ATCC 35979 = NCTC 12242.|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Grows slowly and after 24 hours they can form small yellowish colonies (up to 1 mm in diameter).|
|Micromorphology:||Rod shaped (ca 4 x 0.5 µm). The bacterium has no flagella, but can glide on surfaces.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
|Disease:||The bacterium is part of the normal mouth flora of dogs and cats, but can cause serious human infections, especially after dog bites. The infection may result in sepsis.
|Hosts:||Dogs and cats.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
|Taxonomy/phylogeny:||Eleven species have been described within the genus Capnocytophaga. and this genus is closely related to the genera Flavobacterium and Riemerella.|
|Reference(s):||No. 142, 143|
|The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes|
The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon.Published 2021-11-25. Read more...