Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Species/Subspecies:||Staphylococcus hominis subsp. hominis|
|Category:||In the normal flora|
|Etymology:||Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry).|
Species epithet: from a human.
Subspecies epithet: see species epithet.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||DM 122 = ATCC 27844 = CCUG 35516 = NCTC 11320.|
||Form medium sized white to tan colonies (2-4 mm in diameter).|
|Micromorphology:||Non-motile cocci (1-1.5 µm in diameter), which appear in tetrads or in pairs.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Other Enzymes:||Coagulase -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
Fructose is also fermented. Does not ferment fucose and cellobiose. cf. Staphylococcus sciuri subsp. sciuri).
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal growth at 28-40°C.|
|Reservoir:||Skin of animals and humans.|
|Disease:||Is usually a harmless commensal, but can cause infections in individuals with weakened immune systems.
|Hosts:||Animals and humans|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
|Taxonomy/phylogeny:||About 70 species and subspecies have been described within the genus Staphylococcus.|
|Comment:||Can produce a thioalcohol which contributes to the odour of the body.|
|Reference(s):||No. 145, 146|
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...