Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
|Categories:||Causes hemolysis; motile|
|Etymology:||Genus name: short spiral|
Species epithet: shaggy colon (refers to the fact that the colon looks hairy [false brush border] during infection).
|Alternative Species Name(s):||Serpulina pilosicoli|
|Type Strain:||P43/6/78 = ATCC 51139.|
||Forms small irregular colonies (0.1-3 mm in diameter), which may spred over the agar surface (the bactera "swarm" on the agar plate). Gives a weak hemolysis on blood agar.|
||Thin, spiral shaped and motile. Has 8-12 periplasmic flagella (= endoflagella or axial filaments) per cell.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G- (Uppträder som G-, men har en annan typ av cellvägg).|
|Metabolism:||Anaerobic, but aerotolerant|
|Biochemical Tests:||Tryptophanase +/-, hippuricase +/-, α-galactosidase +/-, β-glucosidase -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||D-ribose +|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Seven species with standing in nomenclature has been described within genus Brachyspira. About 10 additional species have been reported, but their names have not been approved. Some of these species have been included in the phylogenetic trees and their names are given within quotation marks (see Fig. 97:5 and 6). All species within the genus Brachyspira are very closely related, but "B. corvi", B. aalborgi and B. pilosicoli differ significantly from the other species.|
|Reference(s):||No. 44, 64, 71, 92|
|Link:||The Swedish Brachyspira, Leptospira and Treponema Group|
|New names of bacterial phyla|
The taxonomic category phylum was previously not regulated by the International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes (ICNP), but now this has changed and it was decided to revise the names of bacterial phyla. All phyla must be written in italics (which has been done on VetBact also before) and have the ending -ota.Published 2023-03-01. Read more...
|The taxonomy of chlamydias|
Species within the family Chlamydiaceae were previously divided into two genera Chlamydia and Chlamydophila. However, the differences between these two genera were not that great and many research groups have not accepted this division. Therefore, the genus Chlamydophila has been returned to the genus Chlamydia and this change has now been incorporated in VetBactPublished 2023-03-15. Read more...