|Etymology:||Genus name: named after the French bacteriologist Amédée Borrel (1867-1936).|
Species epithet: named after Willy Burgdorfer, who in 1981 found spirochetes in ticks from the area around Old Lyme (Connecticut, USA) and associated the finding to the disease (Lyme disease).
|Type Strain:||B31 = ATCC 35210|
||Borrelia spp. have a planar flat-wave morphology. B. burgdorferi is 0.33 x 10-20 µm in size with 3-10 waves. Has 7-11 periplasmic flagella (endoflagella or axial filaments) at each cell end and is very motile.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, difficult to stain|
||Tick borne, in Sweden usually by Ixodes ricinus but can most likely also be transferred by Ixodes hexagonus|
|Disease:||Lyme borreliosis (Lyme disease)
|Hosts:||Horses, dogs, cattle, humans|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 40 different species have been described within the genus Borrelia and about half of these (among others B. afzelii and B. garinii ave been affiliated to B. burgdorferi sensu lato, which means B. burgdorferi in a wider sense. B. burgdorferi sensu stricto, in this context, means only the species B. burgdorferi.|
|Comment:||The disease was first described in 1975.|
|The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes|
The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon.Published 2021-11-25. Read more...