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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus capitis subsp. capitis
Category: In the normal flora
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry).
Species epithet: from the head (of humans)
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: ATCC 27840 = CCUG 7326 = NCTC 11045.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms small chalk white colonies (1-3 mm in diameter), which are glistening, convex and have an edge. Does not give hemolysis in blood agar.
Micromorphology: Non-motile cocci (0.8-1.2 µm in diameter), which appear in pair or in tetrads.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:
Other Enzymes: Coagulase -, DNase w
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+--?(+)
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-?+?-
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
?????
Is also fermenting mannose.
Spec. Char.:
Virulence Factors: Phenol soluble modulins (PSMs) that are proinflammatory and contribute to tha ability to form a biofilm.
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)GenomeRef.
CP007601 AYP1020 2 443 604 1c + 1c + 1pp Nr 156

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AB626127 JCM 2420T 1473 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Reference(s): No. 156
Updated:2020-12-10

News

New names of taxa within the classification category phylum

During October 2021, an article was published by A. Oren och G.M. Garrity, in which new names are proposed for a number of taxa within the classification category phylum. This has resulted in many discussions in social media about whether it was really necessary to make these changes, which have created confusion among microbiologists and other professionals who come into contact with bacteriology.

Published 2022-09-28. Read more...

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